Key Findings

Across the board, workers in Colorado are not earning enough to make ends meet.

In four of five household types, less than half of all workers earn a living wage.

Only 61 percent of workers in the state earn enough for a single adult to make ends meet.

Only 25 percent earn enough for a single adult with two children to make ends meet.

Race and Ethnicity Matter in Colorado

Data was available for white, black, Asian (alone or in combination), Native American, and all workers of color, as well as for Latino and non-Latino workers. Native American and black workers were less likely to earn a living wage for all household types than was true for the overall working population. Latinos were less likely to earn a living wage than were non-Latinos.

The widest gap between black workers and all workers is for the household with a single adult with one child. Forty-one percent of all workers earn a living wage greater than or equal to the living wage for a single adult with one child, but only 28 percent of black workers were able to provide the income needed for that family type.

The widest gap between Native American workers and all workers is for two adults with two children, with only one adult working. Twenty-eight percent of all workers earn a living wage for that household, compared to only 18 percent of Native American workers.

Only 14 percent of black workers earn a living wage to support a single adult with two children, as do only 17 percent of Native American workers and 16 percent of all workers of color.

Only 9 percent of Latino workers earn a living wage to support a single adult with two children. Only 11 percent earn enough for two adults with two children, with only one adult working.

Gender Matters in Colorado

Across all household types, women were less likely than men to earn a living wage.

Only 56 percent of female workers earn a living wage for a single adult, compared with 64 percent of male workers.

Only 18 percent of female workers earn enough for a single adult with two children to make ends meet, and only 20 percent earn enough for two adults and two children, with only one adult working.

Citizenship Matters in Colorado

Across all household types, non-citizens were less likely than citizens to earn a living wage.

The widest gap between non-citizens and citizens is for the household with a single adult. Only 38 percent of non-citizens earn enough for a single adult to make ends meet, compared to 63 percent of citizens.

Only 12 percent of non-citizen workers earn enough for a single adult with two children to make ends meet, and only 13 percent earn enough for two adults with two children, with only one adult working.

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